देश की राजनीति और भ्रष्टाचार

भारत की आजादी के पूर्व अंग्रेजो ने सुविधाए प्राप्त करने के लिए भारत के सम्पन लोगो को सुविधास्वरूप धन देना प्रारंभ किया ! राजे – रजवाड़े और साहूकारो को धन देकर उनसे वे सब प्राप्त कर लेते थे जो उन्हें चाहिए था ! अंग्रेज भारत के रईसों को धन देकर अपने ही देश के साथ गद्दारी करने के लिए कहा करते और देश के धनी व्यक्ति ऐसा ही करते थे ! और भ्रष्टाचार की नीव वही से प्रारम्भ हुई और आज तक यह भारत देश में पूरी तरह से फल-फूल रही हैं , भारत की आजादी के बाद भी भारत की अर्थव्यवस्था राशनिग, लाइसेंस, परमिट लालफीताशाही में जकड़ी रही ! लाइसेंस-परमिट राज था, तब भी लाइसेंस या परमिट पाने के लिए व्यापारी और उद्योगपति घुस दिया करते थे, जेसे आज भी देते हैं , जिस भी सरकारी काम या योजना प्रारम्भ होती हैं तो उस काम का ठेका या टेंडर बड़े वर्ग को ही दिया जाता हैं, क्योकि उन बड़े वर्ग के उद्योगपतियों से पार्टी को चंदे के नाम से मोटी रकम मिलती हैं, उसके बाद देश को चलाने वाली पार्टी को सत्ता हासिल होती हैं, उसके बाद देश में वैश्वीकरण, निजीकरण, उदारीकरण,विदेशीकरण,बाजारीकरण एंव विनियम की नीतियों के माध्यम से देश में घोटालों की बाढ़ का काम किया हैं, ऐसे बड़े घोटालों के कारण आज के भारत में छोटे स्तर से लेकर बड़े स्तर तक की राजनीति और भ्रष्टाचार को एक ही नजरिये से देखे जाने लगा हैं ! आओ मिलकर देश बचाए , ‘’नोटा’’ की शक्ति दिखलाये,,

NOTA Vote Rule 49-O”, “Right to Reject” and “None of the above”

FAQs on “Rule 49-O”, “Right to Reject” and “None of the above” 1. What is rule 49-O? According to Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961 rule 49-O says that “Elector deciding not to vote.-If an elector, after his electoral roll number has been duly entered in the register of voters in Form17A and has put his signature or thumb impression thereon as required under sub-rule (1) of rule 49L, decided not to record his vote, a remark to this effect shall be made against the said entry in Form 17A by the presiding officer and the signature or thumb impression of the elector shall be obtained against such remark.” 2. What is the need for rule 49-O? The voter must be able to register a vote of disapproval/rejection if they are of the opinion that none of the contesting candidates deserve to be voted for. Right to vote must also include the vote of disapproval/rejection. 3. What is “None of the above” (NOTA) option? NOTA option enables a voter to officially register a vote of rejection of all contesting candidates available in the election. The ECI has recommended that the NOTA option must be made available on the electronic voting machine (EVM) for the voter to officially reject all candidates. 4. What is the need for NOTA option? Before the introduction of EVMs, when voting was done through ballot papers, voters could put in the ballot paper without marking against any candidate thereby rejecting all candidates. Such a vote was counted as a rejection. However, this rejection option is not available to voters on the EVM. 5. What is the procedure to be followed for rule 49-O? After the voter’s electoral number has been entered in the register and he has been identified, his signature/thumb impression is against his name in the voters list. The voter then approaches the presiding officer and informs him of his decision not to vote in favor of any of the candidates. The officer makes an entry namely “Refused to Vote” against the name of this voter in the list. Both the officer and the voter have to provide a signature/thumb impression against this entry. (Refer to Chapter XXIII 6. What is the advantage of rule 49-O for the voter? It provides an option to the voter to reject all candidates. It also helps to keep a check on bogus voting as someone else will not be able to impersonate and vote in place of him in favor of any candidate. 7. What is the disadvantage of rule 49-O for the elector? Secrecy of the ballot is violated as the voter has to inform the presiding officer and an entry is made against his name in the voters list. Such voters are in danger of being victimized by some candidates or political parties. 8. What happens to entries made under rule 49-O? The numbers of such entries have to be mandatorily recorded in Form 17-A. ECI has directed that the entries should be compiled and recorded (Item 3, Part-I of Form 17C) constituency wise and sent to the Commission. This information may also be obtained through RTI. 9. Is there any impact of rule 49-O on the election results? Such voters are deemed to have abstained from casting their vote. They are not included in the counting of votes and candidate securing the maximum number of votes in the constituency is declared winner irrespective of the winning margin. 10. What is the position of the ECI on rule 49-O? The ECI has repeatedly recommended to the government to bring about an amendment in law (Rules 22 and 49B of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961) and provide the option of “None of the above” in the EVMs. The recommendations are pending with the government and no action has been taken so far. 11. Has the issue of rule 49-O been taken up legally by anyone? PUCL had filed a PIL in the Supreme Court in 2004 to bring an amendment in law to make available NOTA option on the EVM for negative voting in restore the provision of rule 49-O in this respect. In 2009, the SC found substance in the PIL and the same has been referred to a constitution bench.

NOTA About Election Commission of India

Chapter 6: Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of adult suffrage. It is called the House of the People {Lower House of Parliament}. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552 {Article 81 & 331}. Which is made up by election of up to 530 members to represent the States, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the Honourable President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House. Number of seats in the House of the People as per first Schedule of The Representation of People Act, 1950 is 543. To become a member of the Lok Sabha, a person should be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age and possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament of India. Under normal situations, unless dissolved by the President, the Lok Sabha continues for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, this period may be extended by Parliament by law if Emergency is proclaimed. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are the Presiding Officers of the Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha {House of the people} was duly constituted for the first time on 2nd April 1952 after the first General Election held from 25th October 1951 to 21st February 1952. The Sixteenth Lok Sabha was constituted on 4th June 2014. Parliament, from time to time, by law makes provision with respect to all matters relating to, or in connection with, elections to the Lok Sabha, including the preparation of electoral rolls, the delimitation of constituencies and all other matters necessary for securing the due constitution of the Lok Sabha.

6.3 : Registration of Political Parties and Symbols

Registration of political parties is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. A party seeking registration under the said section with the Election Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation in the prescribed format with basic particulars about the party such as name, address, membership details of various units, names of office bearers, etc. Further, registered political parties, in course of time, can get recognition as ‘State Party’ or ‘National Party’ subject to the fulfilment of the conditions prescribed by the Commission in the Election Symbols {Reservation and Allotment} Order, 1968, as amended from time to time. Commission adopted symbol system since the first general election Lok Sabha in 1951, when literacy rate was only 16%. Election symbols are commonly known objects, animate or inanimate, so that they are easily identifiable by the electors despite their illiteracy and ignorance and are readily distinguishable from each other. Symbols are not allotted exclusively on registration. Symbols are reserved only for those political parties which, after registration, contest a general election and become eligible for recognition as national or state parties on the basis of their poll performance. Others contesting elections are required to choose, out of a list of free/unreserved symbols, at the time of elections. Registered unrecognized parties get preference in the matter of allotment of free symbols over Independent candidates. After fourth general election 1967, Election Commission codified provisions relating to recognition of political parties and allotment of symbols at one place as Election Symbols {Reservation and Allotment} Order 1968 which is amended from time to time. Even though standards of literacy since independence have vastly improved, symbol system has become a permanent feature of elections and electoral system in India. Political parties have become identified with their symbols. Electoral system did not change with introduction of Electronic Voting Machines {EVMs}. EVMs are electronic version of paper ballots with name and photograph of contestants and their symbols. Currently, 1814 (as on 13.12.2016) political parties are registered with Election Commission of India. Of these 7 are recognized national parties, 48 recognized state parties and 178 unrecognized parties. Polling stations are generally setup for 1200 electors in rural areas and 1400 electors in urban areas barring exceptions. Polling stations are set up by district election officers with the approval of Election Commission. Separate polling stations are allowed for 300 or even fewer electors in remote locations. The total number of polling stations as of December 2016 in the country is 9, 68,752.

6.5 : Electoral Participation

Number of registered electors, voter turnout, and number of nominations filed, contesting candidates and participating political parties are some indices of electoral participation in democracy. Electoral participation rates depend on many factors, including the type of social groupings to which voters belong, voters’ perceptions and beliefs, their places of residence, and a host of other factors. The Election Commission of India has adopted Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation [SVEEP] strategy to increase peoples’ participation in the electoral process.

6.6 : Lok Sabha Election 2014

General Election to Lok Sabha was held in 2014 to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha. The Election Commission of India announced the schedule of General Election on 5th March 2014 and subsequently polling was held across the country on ten polling days between 7th April 2014 and 12th May 2014 and counting was done on 16th May 2014. Some innovative and best practices witnessed in Lok Sabha Election 2014 were:
  • Advance planning and preparation for all law and Order related plans was put in place.
  • Arrangements for treatment of all security personnel who sustained injury during election duty; including cashless facility at hospitals
  • The option of NOTA [None of the Above] on Electronic Voting Machines was introduced pan- India for the first time in Lok Sabha elections 2014
  • VVPATs [Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trial] were introduced in select PCs to ensure further transparency of recording of votes. After introducing an amendment to the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, a printer with a drop box was attached to a voting machine for printing a paper trail of the vote.
  • Voter slips were distributed across the country for Lok Sabha election to enable the voters to know at which polling stations/he is enrolled as a voter and their serial number in the electoral roll. All states reported a very high percentage of distribution of voter slips, between 90 to 100%.
  • Awareness Observers were deployed in Lok Sabha election to monitor the Systematic Voter Education and Electoral Participation [SVEEP] activities conducted in States /Union Territories along with observing the working of Media Certification and Monitoring Committees {MCMCs]. These were senior cadre officers from the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
  • In a bid to attract voters to the polling booths and give a festive look to the electoral exercise, some model polling stations were set up across the country. The concept of model polling stations was brought about to provide a friendly and pleasant experience to the voters when they came to the polling station to cast their votes. Besides basic minimum facilities like drinking water, shelters, toilets, ramps for accessibility at all the polling stations; additional facilities like waiting halls, first aid kits etc. were also provided.
  • As a part of inclusion process, ‘transgenders ‘were categorised as ‘third genders’ in these elections. Of the total 28527 other electorate, 1968 voters exercised their right to vote.
  • Overseas Indian Residents were given right to vote provided they were registered themselves at the time of voting at their place of ordinary residence in India. Among the total 13039 electorate, 12234 were men and 804 were women. Of these, 10 exercised their right to vote.

6.6.6 : Votes Polled for ‘NOTA’

According to the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court, the Election Commission made provision in the ballot papers/EVMs for None of the Above [NOTA] option so that the voters who come to the polling booth and decide not to vote for any of the candidates in the fray, are able to exercise their right not to vote for any candidate while maintain the secrecy of their ballot. The provision for NOTA has been made since General Election to State Legislative Assemblies of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, NCT of Delhi and Rajasthan in October – December 2013 and continued in the General Election to State Legislative Assemblies of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim in April – May 2014 along with the General Elections to Lok Sabha 2014. The votes polled against the NOTA option are not taken into account for calculating the total valid votes polled by the contesting candidates for the purpose of return of security deposits to candidates. Even if the number of electors opting for NOTA option is more than the number of votes polled by any of the candidates, the candidate who secures the largest number of votes has to be declared elected. Since introduction of NOTA, Rules 49 [0] of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 [relating to electors deciding not to vote] has been repealed. Symbol for NOTA has been introduced in 2015

Tables

6.1Year wise number of constituencies in states/UTs in which general election to Lok sabha have been held
6.2Election Programme
6.4Polling stations
6.5Electoral Participation
6.6Lok Sabha Election 2014
Download Chapter 6

Graph/Maps

A.Graph: Days of poll over Lok Sabha Elections
B.Graph: Political Parties – Registered and Participated over 3 LS Elections
C.Graphs: Electoral participation in 2014 Lok Sabha – Trends
DGraph: Seats won by Political Parties in Lok Sabha Elections
E.Graph: Vote Share of Party with Maximum number of Seats Won and of Runner Up Party in Lok Sabha Elections
F.Graph: State-Wise Parliamentary Constituencies – LS 2014
G.Graph: State- Re-poll Held
H.Graph: Constituencies with more than 16 Contestants
I.Graph: Average number of Contestants
J.Map: State wise Voter Turnout – Lok Sabha 2014
K.Graphs: Voter turnout comparison 2014 & 2009
L.Graph: NOTA Votes Lok Sabha Elections 2014
M.Map: NOTA Votes polled (%) – Lok Sabha 2014

The power of NOTA and the Indian voter

Electoral outcomes in Gujarat followed a different trajectory. Despite popular vote, the NOTA option made the contest difficult for the BJP. This is something all political parties must take note of The outcome of the recently held Gujarat Assembly election results has for the first time clearly established the power of the None of the Above (NOTA) option and provided evidence that it can play a significant role in a major election in the country. India entered the ‘NOTA age’ as it were in 2013, after the Supreme Court’s judgement in People’s Union for Civil liberties (PUCl) & Anr vs Union of India & Anr, in which it directed the Election Commission of India to add the NOTA button to electronic voting machines. The court held that giving the voter the right not to vote for any candidate was extremely important in a democracy. The law Commission of India and the Election Commission were also in favour of giving the voter the right to reject all candidates. The court cited the example of 13 nations where NOTA is in vogue and said, “Such an option gives the voter the right to express his disapproval with the kind of candidates that are being put up by the political parties”. “When political parties will realise that a large number of people are expressing their disapproval with the candidates being put up by them, gradually there will be a systemic change and the political parties will be forced to accept the will of the people and field candidates who are known for their integrity”. Since then, NOTA has come into vogue in elections in the country, but its impact was significant in Gujarat 2017. In the recent Assembly election in Gujarat, there were 21 seats in which the votes polled by NOTA were more than the margin between the first two candidates. Of these, there were 12 seats where the BJP’s margin of defeat was less than NOTA. There is a view that most of those who voted NOTA were those who were registering their protest with the BJP without wanting to translate their cynicism into a positive vote for the Congress. They wanted to inflict a kind of mild punishment on the party which has been in power for 22 years, without ever wanting to provide an advantage to the Congress. Which means that in the absence of such discontentment, the BJP would have bagged all or most of these seats. This is the most credible hypothesis because the Congress has been out of power for over two decades in the State and has also been dislodged from power at the federal level. Second, throughout the Gujarat campaign, it imagined the electorate’s hostility towards the BJP and tried to whip up a frenzy against demonetisation and the Goods and Services Tax. It can, therefore, take credit for the swelling of NOTA votes, but nothing more. In this election, at least the Congress lacks the qualification to be worthy of the votes that went into NOTA! A look at the outcomes in the 12 seats where NOTA damaged the BJP is revealing. In Chhota Udaipur, the Congress won by less than 1,000 votes and there were 5,870 NOTA votes. In Dang, the Congress’ margin was just 800, but 2,184 votes pressed the NOTA button. In Deodhar, the Congress’ margin of victory was less than 1,000 but the number of NOTA votes was 2,988. However, Kaparada would be the most obvious as also Mansa, Chhota Udaipur and Jetpur. In Kaparada, the Congress defeated the BJP by a mere 170 votes but the number of NOTA votes in the box was 3,868. The BJP lost the Mansa seat by just 524 votes when as many as 3,000 voters made NOTA their choice. In Jetpur, the BJP’s margin of defeat was 3,052 votes but NOTA had more than double of it — 6,155. Morva Hadaf, Sojitra, Wankaner, Jam Jodhpur, Dhanera and Talaja were some other seats which slipped out of the BJP’s hands. In Talaja, the Congress won the seat by 1,779 votes but NOTA notched up 2,918. In Wankaner, the BJP lost the seat by 1,361 votes when 3,170 voters opted for NOTA. As stated earlier, there were some seats where the Congress’ margin of defeat was less than NOTA. Among them were Vagra, Vijaipur, Prantij and Porbandar. But as the party was not suffering from anti-incumbency, it may not be correct to put these votes in the party’s kitty. At best, it can be argued that but for NOTA, the BJP’s margin of victory would have been better. Apart from NOTA, it can be seen that electoral outcomes in Gujarat are different from other States. Usually, when the difference in vote share between the first two parties is 10 per cent or thereabouts, the winning party inflicts a crushing defeat on the second party and takes away 75 to 80 per cent of the seats in an Assembly. But this has never happened in Gujarat in the Assembly elections, although the BJP has maintained a lead of close to 10 per cent in several State Assembly elections. For example, in the last Assembly election in Rajasthan, held in 2013, the BJP secured 45 per cent vote against the Congress’s 33 per cent and won 163 of the 200 seats (80 per cent) in the Assembly. The Congress ended up with just 21 seats. Again in Madhya Pradesh in 2013, the BJP secured 45 per cent of the vote and a 8.5 per cent advantage over the Congress. This translated to 165 of the 230 seats for the BJP (70 per cent) and 58 seats for the Congress. More recently, in Himachal Pradesh, which went to polls along with Gujarat, the BJP with around 49 per cent of the vote was ahead of the Congress by seven percentage points, as in Gujarat, but it secured almost a two-thirds majority in the House winning 44 of the 68 seats. Therefore, it can be said that among the States, electoral outcomes in Gujarat follow a different trajectory. This time, despite a seven per cent advantage in terms of popular vote, the NOTA option made the contest even tighter and difficult for the BJP. This is something which all political parties will now have to take note of. It could well add a new dimension to our electoral politics.

नोटा के विरुद्ध राज्‍यसभा में एकजुट हुई बीजेपी-कांग्रेस! चुनाव आयोग के खिलाफ खोला मोर्चा

सोमवार को न्यायमूर्ति एएम खानविलकर और न्यायमूर्ति डीवाई चंद्रचूड़ की सदस्यता वाली पीठ ने कहा, ‘किसी असंवैधानिक कृत्य में एक संवैधानिक न्यायालय पक्ष क्यों बने….यदि कोई व्यक्ति वोट नहीं डालता है तो उसे पार्टी से निकाला जा सकता है। लेकिन नोटा लाकर आप (चुनाव आयोग) वोट नहीं डालने के कृत्य को वैधता प्रदान कर रहे हैं।’ सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने सोमवार (30 जुलाई, 2018) को चुनाव आयोग की उस अधिसूचना पर सवाल उठाए जिसमें राज्यसभा चुनावों के लिए बैलट पेपर में ‘उपरोक्त में से कोई नहीं’ (नोटा) की अनुमति दी गई है। कोर्ट ने कहा कि नोटा की शुरुआत इसलिए की गई थी ताकि प्रत्यक्ष चुनावों में कोई व्यक्ति वोटर के तौर पर इस विकल्प का इस्तेमाल कर सके। इस मामले में चुनाव आयोग के खिलाफ कांग्रेस और भाजपा भी एक जुट हो गई हैं। दोनों पार्टियों ने यह कहते हुए राज्यसभा में ‘नोटा’ का ऑप्शन खत्म करने की मांग है कि अप्रत्यक्ष चुनावों के लिए यह ठीक नहीं है। अब सरकार और कांग्रेस के साथ आने पर चुनाव आयोग ने राज्यसभा चुनावों में नोटा विवाद से खुद को अलग कर लिया है, जिसे जनवरी 2014 में अधिसूचित किया गया था। सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने 2013 में पीयूसीएल के फैसले में आम चुनावों में मतदाताओं के लिए नोटा का आदेश दिया था। सोमवार को न्यायमूर्ति एएम खानविलकर और न्यायमूर्ति डीवाई चंद्रचूड़ की सदस्यता वाली पीठ ने कहा, ‘किसी असंवैधानिक कृत्य में एक संवैधानिक न्यायालय पक्ष क्यों बने….यदि कोई व्यक्ति वोट नहीं डालता है तो उसे पार्टी से निकाला जा सकता है। लेकिन नोटा लाकर आप (चुनाव आयोग) वोट नहीं डालने के कृत्य को वैधता प्रदान कर रहे हैं।’ पीठ ने कहा कि नोटा का विकल्प प्रत्यक्ष मतदान में वोट डालने वाले व्यक्तियों के लिए शुरू किया गया था। कोर्ट ने कहा कि राज्यसभा और विधान परिषदों के चुनावों में खुली बैलट वोटिंग प्रणाली के विचार के पीछे भ्रष्ट गतिविधियों के कारण क्रॉस-वोटिंग पर रोक लगाना था। वहीं प्रधान न्यायाधीश दीपक मिश्रा की अध्यक्षता वाली पीठ ने पिछले राज्यसभा चुनावों के दौरान गुजरात विधानसभा में कांग्रेस के मुख्य सचेतक रहे शैलेश मनुभाई परमार की अर्जी पर अपना फैसला सुरक्षित रख लिया। कांग्रेस ने इस राज्यसभा चुनाव में मौजूदा सांसद अहमद पटेल को अपना उम्मीदवार बनाया था। परमार ने चुनाव आयोग की अधिसूचना में बैलट पेपरों में नोटा का विकल्प देने को चुनौती दी थी।

वादे हैं वादों का क्या ?

भारत देश आजाद हुए 71 साल हो गये , कितनी सरकारे आई कितनी गयी लेकिन देश की गरीबी आज तक दूर नही हुई, देश की अर्थ व्यवस्था हर दिन कमजोर होती जा रही हैं, गरीब और गरीब होता जा रहा हैं, अमीर और ज्यादा अमीर होता जा रहा हैं, आखिर क्या होगा मेरे देश का ? अब तो भारत माता भी सोच कर हैरान हैं, क्योंकी सत्ता के पुजारी बेईमान हैं, हमारे देश में हर पांच साल बाद देश की गरीब जनता नई सोच नये जोश के साथ माँ भारती का पुजारी चुनते हैं, तमाम भरोसों के साथ की अब मेरा देश उन्नति करेगा, देश गरीबी मुक्त होगा, और वापिस सोने की चिड़िया कहलायेगा ! लेकिन इन पांच सालो में सिर्फ देश के ठेकेदारों की गरीबी दूर भी नही हो पाती जिनके खाते ‘’स्विस बैंक’’ में हैं ! इतने सालो बाद भी देश के नेताओ ने देश को लुटने का काम किया हैं, चुनाव दर चुनाव जनता को झूटे वादों की खुराक दे कर व् झूटी योजनाओ का पिटारा दिखा कर अपनी सत्ता हासिल करने में कामयाब रहे हैं, देश के आजाद होने के 71 वर्ष बाद भी नेताओ के वादे व् नामर्द इश्तिहार में समानता देखने को मिलती हैं, जो आज तक पूरी नही हुई, इसके बावजूद भी देश की हकीकत यह है की ना तो बीमार व् कमजोर लोग खत्म हुए है और ना ही राजनीती परेशानियों व् समस्याओ का हल ढूढने वालो का टोटा पड़ा हैं, देश के चुनावों को देख के ऐसे लगता हैं की चुनावों का महत्व अब लोगो के लिए मनोरंजन और वक्त काटने का जरिया रह गया हैं, हर चुनाव में नेताओ द्वारा वही घिसे पिटे वादे किये जाते हैं सड़क बनायेगे, लाईट 24 घंटे , पानी , गरीबी दूर करेगे, सबको रोजगार, भ्रस्टाचार मुक्त भारत अबकी बार, आदि-आदि ? और इकठी भीड़ में अपनी वाहवाही करवा कर चले जाते हैं , दरअसल में वादे इतने आत्म्-विश्वनीय किये जाते है की जनता को अच्छे दिन की चाह दिखने लग जाती हैं और नेता अपने मकसद को हासिल कर सत्ता में आ जाते हैं, कुछ फीसदी नोजवानो को रोजगार व् नोकरिया दे कर खुद की गरीबी दूर करने में लग जाते हैं, जो नई योजनाओ का शरुआत भ्रस्टाचार के भेंट चढने के लिए की जाती हैं, इन योजनाओ का लाभ सिर्फ उधोगपतियों के लिए ही बनाया जाता हैं, जिससे देश की 25% जनता ही टेक्स दे पाती है जिसके कारण देश में गरीबी, बेरोजगारी, अशिक्षिता, अस्वस्थता, आदि हैं, सवाल इस बात पर उठता हैं की नेता सिर्फ झूटे वादों के लिए ही होते हैं, या इन वादों पर भी कानून बनना चाहिए जो जनता को भ्रमित कर अपने फायदे के लिए किये जाते हैं, और चुनाव बाद जनता उन तमाम वादों को भूल जाती हैं जो उनसे नेताओ ने किये थे, और नेता सत्ता हासिल कर हारफूल-माला पहन कर अपनी विधानसभा में जा बैठते हैं, और अपनी जिन्दगी एंसोआराम से जीते हैं और पार्टी के कार्यकर्ताओं को 20% कमिशन पर अपने क्षेत्र में छोड़ देते हैं, अगर उन पांच सालो में जो नेता ज्यादा बदनाम होता है तो वह पार्टी बदल लेता हैं, और उन नेताओ की ‘’मन की बात’’ सिर्फ एक ही होती हैं “ भाड़ में जाये जनता, अपना काम तो बनता “ ! देश की पार्टिया अपनी समस्या का हल तो इस तरह निकाल लेती है, और जनता को हर बार यु ही रोना पड़ता हैं, एक बार फिर से जीत का जश्न और ढोल नगाड़े पूरी जनता को बेवकूफ बनाने की ख़ुशी में बजाये जाते हैं, इन्ही नेताओं से पूरा देश परेशान हैं कैसे कहू की ‘’मेरा देश महान हैं’’ और यह दौर यु ही चलता जा रहा हैं , और देश हर बार ठगा जा रहा हैं ,
                हम सब मिल कर करे तेयारी, दुबारा सत्ता में ना आये यह पुजारी,,

              जन जन की हो एक ही आवाज, मिटा दे इन नेताओं के रीति रिवाज,,



                                                ''माँ भारती हम सब को पुकारती, “नोटा” से इनकी अब करो आरती,,

मतदाता में मतभेद करवाते नेता ?

विश्व के सभी देशों में भारत ही मात्र एक ऐसा देश हैं, जो अपनी संस्क्रती व् भाईचारे के साथ यहा के नागरिक को स्वतंत्र जीवन जीने का अधिकार देता हैं, हमारे भारत देश में सभी धर्म व् जाति के लोग आपसी भाईचारे के साथ वर्षो से रहते आये हैं, लेकिन देश की सभी राजनीती पार्टियो ने देश को तोड़ने का काम किया हैं, चाहे वह राममंदिर, जम्मू-कश्मीर, और आरक्षण या जातिवाद जेसे मुद्दे ही क्यों ना हो राजनीती पार्टिया अपने स्वार्थ के लिए देश को दुनिया के सामने झुकाया हैं, और देश को अंदर से खोखला करने का काम किया हैं, सभी पार्टिया अपने-अपने वोट बैंक को बढ़ावा देने के लिए देश को आरक्षण व् जातिवाद जेसे घटिया मुद्दों पर बाँटने का काम किया हैं, लोकतंत्र में राज्य के चुनावों में प्रत्येक पार्टी ने अपने पार्टी प्रत्यासी को चुनावी मैदान में उतारने से पहले जातिवाद समीकरण का सहारा ले के समाज में मतदाता को जातिवाद से तोड़ने का काम किया हैं, जिससे चलते समाज में हर दिन आपसी मतभेद व् हिंसक घटनाये होती हैं, देश व् समाज के नवनिर्माण में रूकावट पैदा कर देश की आर्थिक स्थिति को कमजोर करने का काम किया हैं ! आओं हम सब मिलकर चले एक साथ, देश के ठेकेदारों से करेंगे बात ‘’ हम सब का अब एक ही नारा , भ्रष्ट नेताओं से मिले छुटकारा ‘’

लोकतंत्र या वोटतंत्र ?

हमारे भारत में लोकतंत्र चुनाव को नेताओं ने अपने स्वार्थ व् झूठे वादों से देश की जनता को सिर्फ वोटो के लिए इस्तेमाल करते हैं और बाद में भ्रस्टाचार की डोर पकड़ कर जनता के पैसों से अपनी पूरी जिन्दगी एसो – आराम के लिये धन इकठा करने के काम में लग जाते हैं, और बाद में देश की जनता को धर्म या आरक्षण के नाम से बाँट दिया जाता हैं, और जनता को गुमराह करने का काम देश की हर सरकार ने किया हैं, और यह सिद्ध कर दिया हैं की लोकतंत्र की पार्टिया जनता को वोटतंत्र के नाम से परिभाषित करने का काम किया हैं, या इसे यूज एंड थ्रो भी कह सकते हैं, क्योंकी बाद में जनता के दुःख दर्द को सुनने का इनके पास टाइम ही नही होता हैं, चुनाव जीत जाने के बाद जनता के जनप्रतिनिधि जनता को भूल जाते हैं, और अपनी निजी ज़िन्दगी में व्यस्त हो जाते हैं, और फिर पांच साल बाद लोकतंत्र त्यौहार के देवता फिर से अपने इलाके या देश की समस्याओ का मुद्दा बनाकर अपने रंग बिखेरने का कार्य करते हैं,
             इन लोकतंत्र के देवताओं को सबक सिखाना हैं,
             अबकी बार “ नोटा “ का बटन दबाना हैं ,,